Common pregnancy complications

Common pregnancy complications

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Pregnancy complications normally range in nature and severity. Fortunately, with proper treatment and advice, most can be managed. It is important to understand what symptoms during pregnancy warrant immediate medical attention and what symptoms can wait until your next prenatal visit. Always ask your doctor at your visits about your concerns. But keep in mind some symptoms do need swift attention.

Here is a comprehensive list of pregnancy complications, including what causes the problem, how it’s treated, and what the consequences are for you and your baby.

  • Severe nausea and vomiting: We are aware that it’s very common to have nausea feeling when you’re pregnant. However, if it gets to be severe then the reason needs to be identified and addressed at the right time. If you are unable to consume anything liquid or solid, it would mean getting dehydrated. Being malnourished and dehydrated can prove fatal to your baby’s health. If the nausea is severe you must see your doctor and he / she will prescribe necessary medication and change diet as required.
  • Bleeding: There are different meanings for bleeding during pregnancy. If the bleeding is heavy along with severe abdominal pain and menstrual-like cramps or feel like you are going to faint during first trimester, it could possibly be a sign of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when the fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus, can be life-threatening.

Heavy bleeding with cramping could also be a sign of miscarriage in first or early second trimester. However, bleeding along with abdominal pain in the third trimester may indicate placental abruption, which occurs when the placenta separates from the uterine lining.

Bleeding is always serious and it needs immediate attention. Call your gynaecologist or go to the emergency room.

  • Miscarriage: This topic is very sensitivity especially if you are pregnant. Nobody wants to think about it, let alone discuss. Unfortunately, it is very common. It is also known that a large percentage of pregnancies end in miscarriages.

Miscarriage occurs spontaneously that leads to loss of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks and lot of studies have shown they’re quite large in numbers. This is because many women miscarry before they know they’re pregnant, or before it has been confirmed by a gynaecologist.

Causes for miscarriage can be many. Few factors include

  • Smoking
  • Excess drinking
  • Drug use
  • Chronic illnesses such as uncontrolled diabetes or thyroid disease
  • Advanced maternal age (over 35)

What could be the possible symptoms? Some women do not experience any kind of symptoms, however there might be other signs such as

  • Back pain
  • White-pink mucus
  • Mild to severe cramps
  • Loss of pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea or vomiting
  • Passing tissue or clot-like material

Ironically, there’s no way to stop a miscarriage from happening once it’s started. It is of paramount importance to be seen by your doctor and treated to prevent hemorrhaging and/or infection.

Pregnancy risks should be handled with care and it is always better to consult your doctor for timely solutions.