Water is essential for sustenance of life. Due to increase in population and rampage destruction of the environment, the commodity is becoming scarce. Thus, most people tend to erect water reservoirs such as tanks and dams to maintain a continuous supply.
Currently, storage tanks come in various sizes and designs. Most important, the structures are expensive to procure and mount. However, most of the people have inadequate adequate knowledge on maintenance of the aforementioned structure. Thus, the lifespans of storage water tanks are short.
According to county experts, with adequate inspection and care of the structures, storage tanks can serve an individual for a very long time. For instance, in the United States of America, some of the steel water reservoir being used up to date, have been there for over one century. Therefore, it is appropriate to conduct preventive maintenance regularly on storage tanks. Nonetheless, when the process involved is complex one can hire mechanical engineers or individuals specialized in the tasks above.
Monitoring the Foundation the Tank
First, it is essential to note that the foundation forms the backbone of any structure. Every process commences from the ground, and any flaws can lead to detrimental effects elsewhere in the structure. Additionally, unstable elevated storage water tanks can pose a danger to the people nearby.
Therefore when am examining a foundation, diligence is a crucial key. Notably, it is vital to note that most utility workforce does not require any specialized skills to determine a stable foundation. Mostly, I should apply Hawkeye to check for exposed steel reinforcement or cracks in my water system. Presence of these signs calls for immediate preventive maintenance tasks.
Besides cracks, I should clear bushes and vegetation close to the base of my tank. Notably, these elements can play a part in scratching the steel coating leading to corrosion. Additionally, bushes can reduce the ability to discover flaws in the structure on time.
Another crucial step that I should examine while monitoring foundation of my water tank, is any signs of vandalism. Any unauthorized access to the structure can lead to detrimental effects on the water system. Moreover, I should regularly check the manholes or any access to the structure to ensure they are not blocked or tampered with.
Safety Installations that I should integrate into my Tank
- Electronic pressure gauge– electronic pressure gauge measures and regulates the pressure in storage water tanks. Notably, the electronic pressure gauge record pressure up to preset level hence providing me with the appropriate information on the action I should take.
- Liquid pressure sensor- A liquid pressure sensor automatically detects the pressure of the fluid. Notably, the liquid pressure sensor generates an electric signal with regard to the imposed pressure. The signal is converted to physical stimuli by the transducer or strain gauge thereby providing the appropriate actuation mechanism.
- Water level sensor- a water level sensor automatically detects the level of water in a storage tank. Notably, the water level sensor can be a position sensor that produces an electric signal when the preset signal is reached. When used in conjunction with the level switch it can be used to control a pump automatically.
Examination of Storage Water Tanks
Mostly, inspectors check for physical leakages or corrosion signs. Notably, a keen eye normally does the trick. However, some of the leaks are invisible to human eyes. Thus, in such scenarios experts apply modern technology to establish the extent of the damage.
One of the tools commonly used by profession is examining the rust streak. Importantly, when one discovers leaks, it is appropriate to seek the services of an engineer, conversant with the structural maintenance. Once a profession arrives at the site, they mostly conduct a detailed examination such as making sure the screens are free of debris, checking the discharge vents, and sanitary condition of the water storage tanks.
If the water reservoir is installed with pressure relief valves, the utility personnel will check for proper positioning. Additionally, the experts should examine the condition of the system when the water is frozen and in the normal state. The aforementioned condition helps to mitigate the problem of the roof of tank bursting because of clogged vents.
Finally, stored water in the tank should not be connected directly to the sanitary sewers. According to the health department, overflow drainage should at all times integrate an air break. This is because if overflow connection encounters storm water, they can siphon unsanitary aqua back into the tank.
When Should I Call for Backup?
Even individual without specialized training can handle routine and preventive maintenance. Some of the ordinary procedures include cleaning and minor repairs. However, there comes a time when the procedure requires a trained professional. Below are some scenarios that can trigger me to call for help.
- When the structure appurtenances is faulty.
- When sanitary condition of the tank is faulty.
- When the concrete foundation is compromised.
- When there is massive erosion of soil around the tank.
- When water is interfering with the rooftop of the tank.
- When there is excessive corrosion.
- When some bolts are damaged or missing.
- When the valves or sensors are damaged.
- When there is a gap more than 16 inch.
- Excessive slack on the support of the tank.
- Missing vents attachments.
Whom do I choose?
When identifying an expert or maintenance engineer to take care of my tank there several factors that I should consider. Some of the concern:
- If he possesses skills in traditional engineering
- If he possesses practical and specific skills in the concerned discipline
- If he has adequate experience in the field