Trucks are the beasts who run on high altitudes and in freezing temperatures, for days and nights their engines continuously roaring. There is no doubt that the modern day commerce would be totally handicapped if the cost effectiveness of trucks were not there. What it asks in return is only regular maintenance and repair which actually is beneficial for the owner, as if you delay the maintenance today, heavy expenses are waiting for you tomorrow when the complicated machine breaks down. “Prevention is better than cure” this idiom is also valid on automobiles, especially on trucks. If you want to control your repairing expenses, you should perform the regular checks and repairs.
The most basic things to check are the braking system, inspecting any leakages of fluids, the fluid level in engine, and tires. Some of the basic things can be satisfied by a thorough visual inspection about any loose parts, or bolts in the trucks or looking for the fluid levels and the tire pressure. But some others, remain unseen by naked eyes, and hence you can only feel them when you are driving, for example the efficiency of the braking system. A simple practice of taking the truck for a test drive could be sufficient enough to tell you how the truck is performing.
The cooling system: The heat produced by the engines when they are overworked is a basic threat to trucks. The temperature levels are showed on the dashboard and there are some warning signals which are prevalent when it overheats (Like heating of the front). As soon it crosses a particular point the driver should refill the coolant and rest the engine for a few minutes.
The braking system: It has been observed that 29% of the accidents involving trucks happened due to delayed brakes or its failure. Trucks are heavy and the load they carry and their momentum makes it difficult to stop at the right time. Hence this is the most important part regarding safety. The brake hoses and fluids should be changed and checked regularly and a screeching noise by the brake system might point out, lesser friction and the system needing maintenance.
The Filtering System: The trucks have fuel and air filters, and generally these are the things which are most likely not be repaired. The fuel filters helps in increasing the mileage in certain ways and keep the dirt away from the engine. If not maintained regularly, the life of the engine (and hence the vehicle) can be impacted. It is suggested that after every sixty thousand miles air filters should be changed.
It is debatable that at which time interval these things have to be done, because all depends on what are the conditions (too dirty, snowy etc.) what is the vehicle like, and the age of the vehicle, the authenticity of its repaired parts etc. But a universal time for major repair is considered to be sixty five thousand miles for major repairs like hoses and belt replacement, tire check and replacing (if necessary) and cleaning of the plugs and belts. It is advised to learn the basic repair and maintaining activities by the major repairs should be done by trained technicians.
Inspecting the braking system, wheel alignment and bearings, chassis inspection, tire pressure etc. can be checked by drivers themselves, which can save them unnecessary costs. To increase the mileage, the tire pressure has to be maintained according to the weight of the vehicle. Further a clean fuel filter might do the job. So, keep your cost low by regular maintenance, as that is a sure way to safety and efficiency.